On the active volcanic Indonesian island of Java, an astonishing architectural wonder of Paleolithic civilization is being discovered by extensive archaeological excavations at a sacred temple mount in Cianjur, West Java, known as Gunung Padang, or ‘Mountain Meadow’. Recent research at this sacred mountain site has revealed the volcanic core has been redesigned to create an massive step pyramid.
Extensive research conducted at the Padang Pyramid includes dozens of archaeological excavations and geophysical surveys applying core drilling, ground penetrating radar, electrical resistance and seismic tomography to discern internal structural features of the large pyramid. Situated atop an extinct volcano, Padang Pyramid was built using lava as the primary building material that was finely pulverized, mixed with clay, fly ash and water, and cast into giant walled platforms that acted as acoustic resonators.
The pyramid has long series of steps ascending to expansive square platforms and composed of five large ascending terraces divided into large rectangular enclosures by a series of high walls.
The huge scale of the entire construction site of the Padang Pyramid is paralleled by the massive size of its constituent megaliths that divided each terrace into walled enclosures. The largest plinths laying on the pyramid’s terraces exceed several tons, raising the obvious conundrum as to how these giant blocks were moved from the quarry site at the core of the mountain.
The definitive answer to this enigmatic construction feat has been determined by prior archaeological, geochemical and paleomagnetic investigations of stones from the pyramids of Giza, Egypt and more megalithic sites.
The original walled enclosures of the Padang Pyramid once displayed a tight geometric configuration best appreciated from an aerial perspective. Aerial imagery of the Padang Pyramid provides an ideal perspective for appreciating the tight geometric wall configurations that are not easily discernible when standing on the terrace. The complex surface forms of the many megalithic plinths strewn about the five terraces display special interlocking features that were not carved, and do not bear chisel marks, but were artificially cast in huge kaolin clay molds.
Structural analyses of the Padang Pyramid have defined multiple construction phases involving different formulations of magnetic geopolymer and columns cast in horizontal stacks, layer upon layer, reaching 26m in height. Huge 3m-long magnetic plinths were cast atop volcanic tuff bedrock in horizontal rows for withstanding tectonic shockwaves, bound together with an orange geopolymer cement mortar.
The concealed presence of a large main chamber below Terrace 2 was identified by seismic tomography scans that effectively differentiate the layered composition of a natural lava tube, synthetic and volcanic tuff formations. The large central cavity has not been directly confirmed by geological core drilling or excavation teams, who have only begun the task of accessing the chamber by excavation of a tunnel penetrating from the western slope. Architectural features and ancient remains within the chamber promise to resolve the many enigmas surrounding this giant Paleolithic monument.
A series of archaeological trench excavations were conducted in August and September of 2014 by government-approved archaeologists employing the subsidized labor of military personnel. While being limited to depths corresponding to the first and second layers of the pyramid, these sites exposed and removed a great abundance of much smaller, geometrically faceted and present their original, orange mold-made surfaces without the layers of bacterial and fungal growth that occurs above ground.
Thousands of exposed megalithic plinths atop the Padang Pyramid comprise the scattered remains of giant walled enclosures constructed in a highly distinctive header and stretcher format exemplified by the largely intact platform enclosure temples of Nan Madol preserved on the distant Micronesian island of Pohnpei. Square buildings at both sites signify the Paleo-Sanskrit glyph for Indra, the planet Jupiter.
Used as a meditative retreat by successive rulers for uncounted centuries, and visited more recently by the local community, this pyramid volcanic mountaintop temple site is associated with the nighttime appearance of bright flashes of light, as well as small, intensely luminous spheres seen floating above the platform.